Baltimore port processed 428,000 vehicles up to June this year
The busiest vehicle-handling ports in the US, Baltimore and Jacksonville, have reported
gains in the first half of 2019, through higher import and export volumes.
seen an increase of 8% compared with the same period last year, handling roughly
428,000 units between January and June. It reported record figures for March, with
more than 59,000 vehicles processed, plus around 95,500 units of agricultural and
The latest figures continue the growth the port has seen over the last eight years. In
2018, Baltimore handled more than 850,000 vehicles, including both imports and
exports – an increase of almost 43,000 and 5% more than it handled in 2017. It was a
record for the port and put it in a secure lead as the busiest vehicle-handling port in the
US for the eighth year in a row.
“We also saw volume increases from all of our major OEMs and had strong growth from
our privately owned vehicle business to Africa,” a spokesperson for the port told
Increased short-sea volumes to and from Mexico, and more imports from India have
also helped to push up numbers at Baltimore. The recent announcement that terminal
operator Tradepoint Atlantic will be adding Volkswagen traffic in 2020 will further
strengthen the port’s vehicle-handling profile.
This summer the port is expected to benefit from the opening of a new seven-acre
(28,300-metre) area that will be used for vehicle storage and processing. The port is
also working with the state of Maryland and class-one North American rail provider CSX
to secure funding for repairs to the Howard Street Tunnel. By expanding the 125-year-
old rail tunnel, the port hopes to use it to move double-stack container trains and speed
up freight traffic in and out of the port.
The only issue that is hanging over the growth of automotive shipments through
Baltimore, it seems, is the threat of a 25% tariff on vehicle imports to the US, as outlined
by the Trump Administration in its Section 232 investigation. Maritime trade analysts
with Drewry have estimated that US vehicle imports from overseas markets could fall by
nearly 15% by 2021 if the tariffs are imposed and there has been wide condemnation of
this prospect by the automotive industry.
Baltimore figures for March 2019
• 59,052 vehicles (best March for cars and light trucks)
• 1,018,274 general cargo tons (most in a month)
• 95,862 20-foot containers (most in a month)
• 96,535 rolling farm and construction machinery cargo tons (most since June 2012)
Amports expands at Jacksonville
Meanwhile, the port of Jacksonville has moved around 356,500 vehicles in the first half
of the year, a 6.4% increase on the same period last year.
Jaxport, the port authority, said that the port’s strategic location and quick access to US
consumers was driving expansion in vehicle and container sectors. The port recently
reached a long-term agreement with vehicle processor Amports to expand the
company’s leasehold at Jaxport to a total of 170 acres. Amports leases property at the
port’s Blount Island and Dames Point marine terminals, with plans to develop an
additional 45 acres at Dames Point by 2023.
The port finished construction in December last year on the first phase of the Dames
Point Auto Terminal. A spokesperson for Jaxport told Automotive Logistics that a number
of growth factors were making the need for more space a priority, including “the
continued strong US economy and the growing consumer base in the state of Florida
and larger south-eastern US”.
“Additionally, the port’s proximity to OEMs’ south-eastern production facilities have led
to healthy export volumes,” said the spokesperson.
Jacksonville port handled 356,000 vehicles up to June this year
Mexico is providing more business and now accounts for 18% of the port’s overall
handling, but there are also deep-ocean routes opening up for Jaxport. Last year,
Höegh Autoliners initiated a new trade lane linking Jaxport to Australia and New
Zealand on a fortnightly basis, increasing export opportunities.
Port tenant SSA Atlantic is also set to break ground on a $238.7m state-of-the-art
container terminal at the port’s Blount Island Marine Terminal and the federal project to
deepen the Jacksonville shipping channel to 47 feet (4.4 metres) is ahead of schedule,
with anticipated completion in 2023, based on continued funding from all partners.